Sunday, May 17, 2020

The Effects Of Caffeine On The Brain Function - 1819 Words

Caffeine is considered to be the most consumed psycho pick-me-up and is present in more than sixty plants. It is part of our everyday consumptions, such as coffee, tea, energy drinks and even chocolate even its small amount, around 90% of individuals use caffeine in one form or another. Caffeine has many similar traits with more of the bigger drugs such as cocaine, amphetamines and even heroin. The thing is that caffeine uses similar biochemical mechanisms as the other drugs which in fact are known to stimulate the brain function. Caffeine is also known as 1, 3, 7-trimethylxanthine, and derives from a methylxanthine group and includes theophylline and theobromine (5). Methylxanthine inhibits the neurotransmitter adenosine by stimulating by beta 1 and beta 2 receptors from the release of catecholamine’s. Physiologically, caffeine impedes the binding of adenosine to its receptors in the cell membranes which causes a mild dilation of blood vessels and increases in blood pressure, metabolic rate, and urine production. It occurs naturally in the leaves, fruits, and seeds of numerous plant species, most noticed in coffee and cocoa beans, tea leaves, kola nuts, and guarana. Caffeine can be produced synthetically, but when added to food, it is most commonly derived as a byproduct of decaffeination (5). Caffeine is a substance widely used, not only for is ability to promote wakefulness and to stimulate the central nervous system, but to also begin an effect after 15 minutes ofShow MoreRelatedCaffeine Essay867 Words   |  4 Pagesimprove your memory because of a drug called caffeine. Caffeine is contained in many different kinds of foods and drinks like coffee, chocolate and tea. It is a legal drug that consumed worldwide. Its function is to stimulate the central nervous system associated with brain function that affects mental performance especially alertness, attention and concentration. Theobromine is an active ingredient of chocolate that is found in cocoa. Theobromine and caffeine are related and have similar structures.Read MoreCaffeine, Caffeine And Health Benefits Between Coffee And Energy Drinks And How They Each Affect Brain Function1242 Words   |  5 PagesCaffeine Additives in Beverages Many people either enjoy to drink a cup of coffee, an energy drink, or sometimes both. People drink these without any knowledge of them other than the fact that they contain caffeine. How much caffeine do they contain though? Are these drinks even considered to be healthy for humans? There are various differences in the nutritional facts, caffeine absorption, and health benefits between coffee and energy drinks and how they each affect brain function. Black coffeeRead More Caffeine and its Long-term Physiological Changes Essay969 Words   |  4 PagesCaffeine and its Long-term Physiological Changes To many people, caffeine seems like more of a necessity to start the day, or keep the day going, rather than a potentially harmful drug; however, most do not realize the long-term physiological changes that can occur as reported by several users. According to National Geographic, consumers spend 30 million dollars every year on caffeine tablets and roughly 50 billion dollars on caffeinated soda. Caffeine is a drug andRead MoreEffects Of Caffeine On The Brain1507 Words   |  7 PagesCaffeine is a brain booster meaning it is a stimulant. Caffeine stimulates different parts of the brain producing a wide variety of outcomes. It can enhance your mood during day to day activities which could be beneficial for those suffering from depression. Depression is a major mental disorder in the United States and caffeine has been shown to reverse this mood state. Memory is a major part of the human brain and brings about different feelings to a person. They can be improved with caffeine asRead MoreEssay on A Cup a Day: Why Everyone Should Drink Coffee898 Words   |  4 Pagesappreciates coffee as one of the most remarkable beverages in the history of the world. The delicious drink holds a great reputation for energizing those who indulge themselves with a cup of hot java. Coffee beans are very high in caffeine, a chemical that has tends to stimulate the brain, giving the consume r a sense of alertness and activity. Coffee has been enjoyed for centuries across the globe, and recent studies have discovered many newer qualities of this mystical black liquid. A nicely made cup of espressoRead MoreEffects Of Caffeine On Our Lives1214 Words   |  5 Pagesaddictive craze? Do you need caffeine to keep you awake? Well, roughly 80% of Americans do. In an average day 90% of Americans consume some type of caffeine. With so many people ingesting caffeine, do they know what it is? Are you conscious of your intake? Do you know how much you have per day? Did you know you could die from caffeine poisoning or overdose? You can! Do you need to consume caffeine daily to function properly? If so then you are most likely addicted. Caffeine has increasingly become anRead MoreThe Health Effects Of Coffee Consumption1181 Words   |  5 Pageshealth effects of coffee consumption have been controversial for many years. My claim is that moderate coffee consumption is beneficial for health. Moderate amount of coffee can possibly prevent people from some disease risks, provide high content of antioxidant for people and improve physical performance as well as brain functions. Too much coffee consumption may have adverse effects on health. Thus, the amount of coffee should be moderate in order to maximize the positive health effects. IntroductionRead MoreThe Role of Caffeine in Society Essay970 Words   |  4 PagesCaffeine plays an enormous role in society today, from coffee to cokes to candy bars. Companies have made billions off the desire for that extra kick. Caffeine is the most widely consumed behaviorally active substance in the world making it one of the world’s most popular drugs. It’s known for the ability to stimulate the brain and central nervous system. The Chemical structure of caffeine is C8H10N4O2. Before the popular use of caffeine one can assume that people were sleepier, and less alert. ConsumptionRead MoreCoffee And An Injection Full Of Coffee Beans1519 Words   |  7 PagesCanadian adults take in caffeine through coffee, while 30 percent get their fix with tea. The remaining 10 percent of Canadians consumption of caffeine comes from pop, energy drinks, chocolate and medications [Best Health Mag]. Coffee drinkers can suffer from the draining side effects of a drug they didn’t realize they were taking daily; Caffeine.This is a big issue in today’s society and affecting many people’s health and surprisingly taking lives. Slide #2: Cup of coffee w/a brain imprinted in theRead MoreThe Effects Of Caffeine On The Central Nervous System1643 Words   |  7 PagesCaffeine is an alkaloid discovered in 1819 by Friedlieb Runge and a German baron known as Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Caffeine is a crystalline compound that is found in tea and coffee plants and is a stimulant of the central nervous system. It is a bitter alkaloid C8H10N4O2 also found in cacao and kola nuts and is used as a stimulant. Caffeine is a stimulant used to make us feel as though we’re awake. Caffeine actually doesn’t give us energy at all, it just tricks our brain into thinking we aren’t

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Impact of Advertising of Luxury Cosmetic Brands on Consumer Choice Research Proposal

Essays on The Impact of Advertising of Luxury Cosmetic Brands on Consumer Choice in London Research Proposal The paper â€Å"The Impact of Advertising of Luxury Cosmetic Brands on Consumer Choice in London† is an  impressive variant of research proposal on marketing. The quintessence of being in business by any organization outfits is to manufacture for sales and increase profits. In order to stay put in business, a business investment must generate adequate sales from its products enabling the covering of operating costs as well as post reasonable profits. For many businesses, sales estimate is precisely the starting point in profit planning or budgeting (Fred 2002, p. 1253-1266). It is so since it must be determined, generally, before production units are arrived at while definite production units will, later on, affect material purchases.However, decision making in sales is the most cumbersome task facing many organization’s executives. This is because it is tasking to predict, determine or estimate with potential customers’ demands, accuracy, as they are irrepress ible factors external to a business. Considering, consequently, the relevance of sales on organization survival and the connection between sales and customers, it is convenient for organizations to engage in advertising programs that directly influence consumers’ decisions when they are purchasing products. This is where brand management and advertising are relevant (John Kenneth 2002, 455-486). Advertising is a division of the promotion mix that is one of the important 4ps in the concept of the marketing mix including place, product, price, and promotion. As a promotional approach, advertising serves as a crucial tool in the creation of product awareness and conditioning of the potential consumer’s mind to take the ultimate purchase decision.The background of the studyAdvertising is noteworthy in any business operations across the globe. It is the ultimate determinant of consumer choice in many cases involving a selection of products. In the new era of globalization, advertising holds a staunch position within the highly competitive market (Masaki 2004). Advertising is generally a form of communication intending to persuade a particular audience (viewers, listeners or readers) to take action. It includes the product or service name as well as how that service or product could benefit the consumer therefore, persuading the potential customers to consume that particular brand (Fred 2002, p. 1253-1266; Donald 1999, p.299; Walter 2008, p. 88; Jacoby 2001, p. 234; Gordon 2006, p.206; Ronald 2003, p.20; David et al 2000, p.120; Morris 1999, p.199).Consumer behavior is strategic in any business or investment dealing with the provision of products or services. Understanding advertising as having an influence on consumer choice of the respective services or products is mandatory for all organizations or business institutions (Lester 2004, p. 537-562; John Kenneth 2002, p. 455-486; Donald 2000, p. 179–183). The knowledge on consumer behaviors hel ps businesses improve their respective marketing strategies by creating an understanding of various succulent issues, for instance, an understanding of consumer psychology in terms of how they reason, think, feel, and select between many available choices (brands, products).Understanding consumer behavior in advertising is also necessary in having the knowledge of the customer influence from his or her environment including signs, media, culture, and family (John Kenneth 2002, 455-486; Lee, E 2000, p.98; Susan 1997, p.401; Mary 2003, p.46; Chester 2001, p.123; James 1999, p.68; Craig 2000, p.23; Andrew 1999, p.3; Lynn 1997, p.23). The impact of advertising on consumer choice also features on the limitations in consumer knowledge equally the information processing abilities, how that influences customer decisions as well as the overall marketing outcome (Robert 2008, p. 269-270). Understanding consumer motivation is particularly vital in assessing the impact of advertising on consum er choice (Liz 2004). This means decision strategies receive varying receptions from consumers because they differ between brands, therefore, creating a difference on the level of interest of the consumer to that respective product (Lester 2004, p. 537-562; John Kenneth 2002, p. 455-486; Donald 2000, p. 179–183).

Advantages and disadvantages of living abroad free essay sample

As we know, today there are about six billion people in the world. All of them live in different countries and have diverse cultures. Some countries have become well developed, while others haven’t as yet. For this reason, some people want to go to well-developed foreign countries to live more comfortably and earn more money. Living in a foreign country has many advantages, but it also has some disadvantages. One of the main advantages of living in a foreign country is that people can enjoy better financial opportunities. For example, they may get a good job and a high salary so they can buy what they want and have a better lifestyle. For example, they may benefit from well-developed education and health systems. Moreover, one is given the chance to learn and become fluent in another language through everyday use. For instance, people can participate in lots of social activities thus improving their communicative skills. We will write a custom essay sample on Advantages and disadvantages of living abroad or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Finally, they become more independent by having to deal with difficult situations on their own. On the other hand, it may be difficult for people to adapt to their new surroundings.If they live alone, they miss their families and countries. Sometimes they may feel isolated, frustrated, and lonely. In addition, if someone can’t speak the language yet, he or she may face communication problems. What is more, there is discrimination in some countries. Foreigners aren’t easily accepted in these places. In conclusion, even though living in a strange place may be hard at first, in time one can adjust to it. In my opinion, if a person has an opportunity to go to a well-developed foreign country, he or she should benefit from this opportunity for his or her future.

Monday, April 20, 2020

Waste of Time free essay sample

College Is a Waste of Time and Money In this essay that came from Caroline Bird’s book â€Å"The Case Against College†, she claims that most students that are in school not because they want to be, but because it is now the thing to do or to get away from their parents. (Bird 647) She also goes on to say a little later essay that she notices when she goes on campus that the students look sad. She says, â€Å"I have been overwhelmed by the prevailing sadness on American campuses†. Bird 469) Birds has very good arguments, from how expensive college is, why a lot of students fail out of class, to letting high school graduates make up their minds on whether or not they want to go to college or not. Personally in my opinion I disagree with this essay. She talks about the money that goes into college, but fails to talk about the end outcome or should I say results. We will write a custom essay sample on Waste of Time or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Her reasons for this argument don’t even give her the right to say that college is a waste of time and money. She has no real evidence, and saying that you have been to many campuses where the people look sad just â€Å"Aint gonna cut it! † When I first read this essay, what caught my eye about it was the title. â€Å"College is a Waste of Money†, that is exactly how I was feeling. I was feeling like school was a set up for young adults to take out loans and be in debt. By just reading the title she draws you in because you’re like finally im not alone. Its is then when I snap back into reality, because I know that college is to help me. College is beyond learning for your profession, you learn so much more about life and yourself when you go off to college and you experience new settings. I do however agree with some of the things that she says, such as when she says that â€Å"if students believe that college isn’t necessarily good for them, you cant expect them to stay on for the general mankind†. (Bird 470) Meaning that if I say I don’t want to go to college because I don’t think that it is for me don’t force me to go because most likely im not goin to be focused on my school work, im going to be stressed out, which could cause me to fail out.

Sunday, March 15, 2020

The Impact of Facebook on UTM Students’ Everyday Life essay part 2Essay Writing Service

The Impact of Facebook on UTM Students’ Everyday Life essay part 2Essay Writing Service The Impact of Facebook on UTM Students’ Everyday Life essay part 2 The Impact of Facebook on UTM Students’ Everyday Life essay part 2The Impact of Facebook on UTM Students’ Everyday Life essay part  1Discussion/AnalysisThe findings of the study show the considerable impact of Facebook on the everyday life of participants of the study. The major influence refers to their communication style and scope. They have expanded their online communication. They have not only started new social relations online but also they have started using Facebook for the communication with their friends and family members. Consequently, Facebook has become the effective social media used by participants for communication with new friends, old ones and family members. This is why it is possible to conclude that Facebook performs the communicative role above all.Participants underuse the educational potential of Facebook because they do not use it regularly for their learning but they admit such potential and some participants do use Facebook for learning f rom time to time. Consequently, Facebook has educational potential but this potential is not fully used at the moment. On the other hand, they have the experience of using Facebook for learning purposes that means that Facebook has a considerable potential as the social media that can be used for educational purposes.The creation of virtual community by participants means that they develop new social experience which involves the creation of online communities, which members they may not even know in the real world. Virtual communities can have a considerable impact on the everyday life of UTM students because they spend a lot of time online in Facebook. They access Facebook daily and spend at least one hour online. The large amount of time, which they spend online and virtual communities affect their social relations. The experience of using social media to maintain new social relations lead to the appearance of new type of social relations which are virtual and different from real world social relations.In addition, UTM students participating in the study use Facebook as the means of communication with their parents and other meaningful people. Such a change in social relations and communication with family members and friends affects the everyday life of UTM students because they refuse from communication via phones in favor of the communication via Facebook. On the other hand, Facebook allows sharing video and audio files and are more convenient for students to use as the means of communication compared to conventional communication means. Facebook opens new opportunities for communication of UTM students and they use these opportunities.The rise of the time UTM students online using Facebook implies that they spend less time on their social relations in the real world. Even though they do not recognize that Facebook has influenced their real world social relations, Facebook is likely to have influenced social relations of people in the real world because they cannot pay as much attention to real world communication, if they have increased the time they spend on virtual, online communication. Such a change may interfere in the social experience of UTM students because they may fail to enhance their socialization and development of close social relations in the real world under the impact of Facebook.ConclusionIn conclusion, the current study has revealed a considerable impact of Facebook on the communication and social experience of participants of the study. They keep using it and they use it a lot. They use it for communication purposes mainly, to share some personal information and to communicate with other users, friends and family members. The use it partially for their education but such use of Facebook is rather fragmentary. Consequently, Facebook affects social relations and personal life of UTM students mainly, while its impact on learning is insignificant at the moment.The current study has implications for further research es since the impact of Facebook on the everyday life of UTM students is obvious. Further studies may focus on the impact of Facebook on the everyday life of other social groups. For instance, the involvement of older people, who have their career development, may uncover different influences of Facebook. Moreover, further studies can focus on the research of the long-run effect of social media, such as Facebook, on their life. The current study reveals the current impact on the everyday life of UTM students but the study does not go further to research what long-run effects of the impact of Facebook on the life of people will be.

Friday, February 28, 2020

Estimation of Dietary Intake Lab Report Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 words

Estimation of Dietary Intake - Lab Report Example Nutrient content was estimated using software from the website, Nutriondata.com.1 Methods and results are as follows. A diary was kept for a 7-day period detailing all nutritional intake including snacks and meals on a daily basis. All portions were weighed and a volume in grams was obtained. Nutritional content was then determined using software that determined Fat, protein and carbohydrate content for each food. Percentage equivalents for daily Calcium(Ca) and Iron(Fe) were also obtained. Dietary intake was then into caloric value in KiloJules(KJ) using the following conversion factors: 1 gram Fat=9 KJ, 1 gram Protein=4 KJ, 1 gram Carbohydrate=4 KJ, Miscellaneous Sugars= 4 KJ2. Total KiloJule energy readings were obtained for each day. Percent required Ca3 and A classmate was interviewed for the dietary intake of foods from the previous day. Care was taken not to be judgmental and all answers were recorded and converted into gram portions. A table of the portions was again analyzed using nutrient analysis software and Fat, protein, carbohydrate, and sugars content determined, along with percentages of Ca and Fe daily requirements. Total energy from daily diet was determine in KiloJules as in &-day weighed method. A table was made for each day of dietary intake a... 3. Total Nitrogen and protein These three results were then used to determined energy parameters of the diet. Results 7-day Weighed Record A table was made for each day of dietary intake and Fat, Protein, carbohydrate analysis was made using Nutridata software and according to the weight of the portion recorded. The results are shown in the following pages; 7 day Food Diary Portion g Fat g Protein g Carbohydrate Polysaccarhide Ca%Daily Fe%Daily Day1 Hovis bread 28 2.964286 11.85714 35.57143 8.892857 11.85714 Tea 0 Skim Milk 10 0 0.323887 0.48583 2.024291 0.040486 Low Fat Cheese 49 8.575 5.104167 3.470833 5.5125 4.491667 0% fat Yogurt 125 0 5.5 23.5 18.5 0.5 Chicken Burger 105 10.03676 15.05515 17.75735 3.088235 17.37132 Barbecue Sauce 26 0.104 0 9.462424 0.312 0.312 Coca-Cola 330 36.2766 0 Chips 90 15.37875 3.07125 37.6875 0.70875 5.67 Net Weight 763 Fat Estimate 37.0588 Protein Estimate 40.91159 Carbohyhydrate 127.9354 % Daily Ca 39.03863 %Daily Fe 40.24262 KJ Fat 333.5292 KJ Protein 163.6464 KJ Carbohydate 511.7415 KJ misc Sugars 145.1064 Total KJ Daily 1154.023 Day 1 Weighed Intake 7 day Food Diary Portion g Fat g Protein g Carbohydrate Polysaccarhide Ca%Daily Fe%Daily Day2 Corn Flakes 55 0 3.666667 45.83333 45.83333 86.16667 Bananas 150 0.666667 1.333333 34 0.666667 2 1% Milk 202 1.986885 6.622951 9.934426 25.16721 0 Chicken Burger 104 9.904762 14.90667 17.59086 3.060571 17.20457 Barbecue Sauce 28 0.107692 0 10.18769 0.336 0.336 Tea Skim Milk 10 0 0.323887 0.48583 2.024291 0.040486 Sugar 12 18 Ice Cream Bar 58 8.870588 2.047059 14.32941 6.823529 1.364706 Fried

Tuesday, February 11, 2020

Case study Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 59

Case study - Essay Example Unfortunately, the urban employment opportunities could only absorb a small section of the unemployed population. At the same time, the mining and demand for labor in the rural agricultural sector increased. The mining industry, involving companies like Shell and Texaco could only take contribute little to employment rates despite the revenue obtained from the sector. The relief to the employment status in the country was witnessed with the rise in industrialization, manufacturing, and politics. Manufacturing and government jobs became a source of employment for the skilled and educated people in the population. This caused a considerable decrease in unemployment rates from 15% to 9.9% in 1973. This was however to increase with economic challenge to a maximum of 20% in 1990. From this time, government efforts served to diversify the economy and reduce the rates. Unemployment rate is the measure of the proportion of employable people in the population who have lost their jobs or are unsuccessful in seeking jobs. The rate is an important indicator of economic productivity of a country (Dwivedi, 2001). A country that has a large number of people willing to work but cannot secure employment cannot realize its economic possibilities. In addition, high unemployment rate indicates poor economic wellbeing of the population. There are three major types of unemployment. First, there is the frictional unemployment. This refers to the proportion of people who are seeking suitable jobs. This means that they can at least secure jobs, but they are unemployed seeking better jobs. Secondly, there is cyclical unemployment. In this case, the unemployment rate increases with recession and decreases with the expansion in the business cycle. People are laid-off from companies and businesses during the recession and become unemployed. The third type of unemployment is structural unemployment. This happens when there is a mismatch